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Cancer-targeted design of bioresponsive prodrug with enhanced cellular uptake to

achieve precise cancer therapy

Liang, Yuanwei; Huang, Wei; Zeng, Delong; Huang, Xiaoting; Chan, Leung; Mei, Chaoming; Feng, Pengju; Tan, Choon-Hong; Chen, Tianfeng

Drug delivery, 2018, 25, 1350-1361

Abstract: Chemical drug design based on the biochemical characteristics of cancer cells has become an important strategy for discovery of novel anticancer drugs to enhance the cancer targeting effects and biocompatibility, and decrease toxic side effects. Camptothecin (CPT) demonstrated strong anticancer activity in clinical trials but also notorious adverse effects. In this study, we presented a smart targeted delivery system (Biotin-ss-CPT) that consists of cancer-targeted moiety (biotin), a cleavable disulfide linker (S-S bond) and the active drug CPT. Biotin-ss-CPT was found to exhibit potent effects on the migration of cancer cells and induced apoptosis by induction of ROS-mediated mitochondrial dysfunction and perturbation of GSH/GPXs system, as well as activation of caspases. In vivo tumor suppression investigation including toxicity evaluation and pathology analysis, accompanied by MR images showed that Biotin-ss-CPT can be recognized specifically and selectively and taken up preferentially by cancers cells, followed by localization and accumulation effectively in tumor site, then released CPT by biological response to achieve high therapeutic effect and remarkably reduced the side effects that free CPT caused, such as liver damage, renal injury, and weight loss to realize precise cancer therapy. Taken together, our results suggest that biotinylation and bioresponsive functionalization of anticancer drugs could be a good way for the discovery of next-generation cancer therapeutics.

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